The IBM Research Laboratory in Haifa, Israel opened in 1972 and has conducted decades of research that have been vital to IBM’s success. The lab’s activities involve advanced research and development under the guidance of the IBM Corporation’s Research Division. The IBM Haifa Research lab is the second largest of IBM’s twelve global research labs. IBM strives to lead in the creation, development and manufacture of the industry’s most advanced information technologies, including computer systems, software, networking systems, storage devices and microelectronics.
IBM participates in, and contributes heavily to the work of standards consortia, alliances, and formal national and international standards organisations. Throughout several decades, the group has worked on various computer vision problems, such as automated medical imaging diagnosis, handwriting recognition, and product placement inspection for supermarkets. Today the group specialises in developing state of the art technologies in the areas of 2D/3D computer vision, augmented reality and immersive telepresence. The group has previous EU project experience in digitising cultural assets (IMPACT), research in immersive robotic telepresence (BEAMING) and usage of augmented reality for smart home energy awareness (IDEAS).
Role in the project
IBM’s role in the project is to lead the computer vision and analysis related aspects of the work package on the SCENT intelligence engine. With many years of experience with technical project management and coordination, IBM will be the technical coordinator of the project. IBM’s team of experts will focus on developing existing technologies for natural outdoor scene recognition as well as new state of the art technologies for object recognition within scenes.
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Smart Toolbox for Engaging Citizens into a People-Centric Observation Web
Scent is a European Union research project funded under the Horizon 2020 programme. The project runs between 2016 and 2019 and comprises 10 partner organisations across 6 countries.
Europe has the capacity and potential to lead a global citizen movement aimed at land use monitoring through a people-centred observation web. Scent will be this movement.
Scent will engage citizens in environmental monitoring and enable them to become the ‘eyes’ of the policy makers. In doing so citizens will support the monitoring of land-cover/use changes using their smartphones and tablets.
The project will demonstrate the huge potential of citizen observation and monitoring of the environment. A people-led online observation movement will capture land-cover use and changes through user-friendly tools and technologies, The Scent Toolbox. This will complement existing forms of monitoring such as satellite and remote sensing which are costly and less dynamic.
The Scent Toolbox; a crowd-sourcing platform, gaming applications, an authoring tool, an intelligence engine and numerical models, allows citizens, policy makers and other users to freely use Scent technologies to contribute to the aims of the project. The opinions of citizens, policy makers and communication experts will be taken into account during the design of the Scent Toolbox to ensure it is practical and user-friendly.
The Scent toolbox will be tested in two large scale pilots; the urban case of the Kifisos river in Attica, Greece and the rural case of the Danube Delta in Romania. The impact of the toolbox in the assessment of flood risks and flooding patterns will be evaluated.
The consortium covers the complete stakeholder chain: industries in machine learning, SMEs in crowd-sourcing, gaming and awareness-raising, leading research institutes with expertise in hydrodynamic modelling, data harmonisation and authoring tools and environmental monitoring, NGOs at the pilot sites and policy makers/public bodies.
The Scent project is coordinated by the Institute of Communications and Computer Systems, based in Greece.
Design, develop and implement a people-centric observation web offered in the form of Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)-compliant web services and resources to the GEOSS portal.
Develop the innovative SCENT crowd-sourcing platform to collect image as well as textual information from citizens; as a result, this will extend the in-situ infrastructure with citizen-sourced observations.
Implement the SCENT intelligence engine, which will use innovative machine learning techniques to classify and annotate images and text sourced from citizens as well as existing open platforms.
Design and develop a serious gaming application to annotate unutilised images from popular open platforms, e.g. Flickr and Panoramio, as complementary data sources on land-cover and land-use changes.
Quantify the impact of land-cover/use changes to flood risk maps and spatio-temporal flooding patterns.
Design a simple authoring tool for policy makers to customise the SCENT toolbox according to target group, regional or social characteristics.
Test, evaluate and validate the SCENT smart toolbox in two large scale pilots of great environmental impact; the urban case of the Kifisos river in Attica and the rural case of the Danube Delta.
Increase the active engagement of citizens as individuals, citizen associations as well as local authorities in monitoring their environment through the creation of a citizen movement.
The citizen-centric and participatory SCENT methodology is divided into three phases:
The requirements and architecture design phase includes a study and analysis of user requirements and needs for a sustainable and active citizen observatory.
The technical development and innovation phase consists of the design, research, development and implementation of innovative tools and solutions that make up the SCENT toolbox.
The integration and large scale demonstration phase involves integrating the solution and ensuring through formal testing that SCENT toolbox components are interoperable and fully functional. In this phase, two large scale pilots will be carried out to evaluate and validate the SCENT citizen observatory.
SCENT and the Open Research Data Pilot
SCENT participates in the Pilot on Open Research Data launched by the European Commission along with the Horizon 2020 programme.
The Open Research Data Pilot aims to improve and maximise access to and re-use of research data generated by Horizon 2020 projects. It takes into account the need to balance openness and protection of scientific information, commercialisation and Intellectual Property Rights, privacy concerns, security as well as data management and preservation questions. While open access to research data thereby becomes applicable by default in Horizon 2020, the Commission also recognises that there are good reasons to keep some or even all research data generated in a project closed. The Commission therefore provides robust opt-out possibilities at any stage.
The SCENT consortium supports open science and the large potential benefits to the European innovation and economy stemming from allowing reusing data at a larger scale. The majority of data produced in the project may therefore be published with open access.
The SCENT Concept
SCENT aims to demonstrate the huge potential of an active citizen observatory that will complement existing infrastructure through the SCENT toolbox. It will lead to a significant pool of observations on changes in land cover and related environmental phenomena. Data will be fed via web services into existing repositories, such as the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) portal. SCENT will provide policy-makers with a near real-time view of land-use changes while directly involving citizens in the decision-making process.
The SCENT concept is built around three pillars:
Pillar I: Increased involvement of citizens in the process of land cover and land use monitoring through a set of participatory solutions
Pillar II: Better use of available data, repositories and monitoring systems through innovative tools and algorithms
Pillar III: Development of a co-design strategy, involving both citizens and public authorities with the aim of creating a sustainable citizen observatory
Illustration of the Scent Toolbox
The impact of the project will be felt in many ways, especially in the environmental, societal, technical and industrial field.
Citizens often feel that their efforts won’t have much impact on environmental policies and climate change. SCENT will show that citizens in fact can have a real impact in environmental monitoring and identification of flood risks.
Major environmental agencies and decision-makers have agreed to promote the project outcomes, which will guarantee EU-wide environmental impact.
SCENT will foster innovation and create jobs in SMEs, which will help fight unemployment in Europe.
SCENT will also improve the accuracy of existing flood risk maps by more than 15% and thus make areas close to floodplains less vulnerable to disasters.
SCENT promotes an open method of coordinating environmental policies. It will include regional environmental groups, public-private partnerships and citizen communities in land-use monitoring, which will encourage innovative governance schemes.
SCENT will bring about new technological developments and products through the SCENT toolbox, and citizens’ contributions to environmental data will be fed directly into the SCENT intelligence engine. These will be key in generating precise and up-to-date land-use maps and flood risk maps for decision-makers.
SCENT will also extend the GEOSS and Copernicus repositories through frequent updates of local monitoring of land-use changes using the SCENT Toolbox.
SCENT will introduce low-cost state-of-the-art tools that will encourage further innovation and boost the development of new people-centric apps, products and services.
The SCENT observatory will promote Europe in the global environmental monitoring market. Citizen engagement will foster the creation of new SMEs and boost innovation in current European SMEs. SCENT will reveal an untapped potential for the gaming industry and the crowd-sourcing and social media industries to enter the environmental field.